Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death among men.
Only men have a prostate gland. The normal prostate is small, usually the size and shape of a walnut and grows bigger as you get older. It sits underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra – the tube men urinate (pee) and ejaculate through. The urethra, runs the length of the penis and carries both urine and semen out of the body—runs directly through the prostate. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes its fluid into the urethra, and it’s expelled with sperm as semen. Prostate it’s important for reproduction. Its main job is to help make semen , the fluid that carries sperm. The activity and growth of the prostate is stimulated by male hormone called androgen.
Main problems of prostate:
- enlarged prostate
- prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in men. It has the potential to grow and spread quickly, but in fact, it is a relatively slow growing disease. The causes of prostate cancer are largely unknown. The chances of developing this cancer increase as you get older ( >50 ).
11 signs that show that you may have prostate cancer :
- Burning or pain urination
- Difficulty urinating, or trouble starting and stopping while urinating
- Nocturia (need to wake and pass urine at night)
- Hematuria (blood in urine)
- Blood in semen
- Painful ejaculation
- Changes in you testicles (lump, heaviness)
- Weight loss
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Pain in the hips, legs or feet and bone pain
- Swelling in legs or pelvic area