Osteoarthritis (OA) is disease in 10 % adult populatiot and leading cause of chronic disability, mostly as a consequence of Osteoarthritis of the knee and hip.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis.
Arthritis means joint inflammation. Word “arthritis” is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. More than 100 diseases are classified as rheumatic diseases, including the arthritis. 50 million people in the United States are living with rheumatic diseases. Main and common symptoms are pain, swelling, and stiffness. Types of arthritis such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis affect multiple organs and cause a long list of symptoms.
The most common forms of arthritis of humans (OA), also is known as degenerative joint disease.
In OA, the cartilage (rubbery material that cover the end of each bone) breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. OA can affect any joint .
The most often affected joints by osteoarthritis are :
- neck and back
- big toes
Causes of Osteoarthritis :
- Age,is the most powerful risk factor for Osteoarthritis (>40). Osteoarthritis occurs most often in older people. Younger people sometimes get osteoarthritis primarily from joint injuries.
- Major trauma and repetitive joint use ( hard activities or physically demanding jobs can increase your risk).
- Obesity (especially in the knees)
- Born with abnormalities of joints or develope them in childhood
- Genetic factors
- Gender (> women)
- Diabetes (High glucose levels produce cartilage damage and cartilage loss).
- Pain (deep ache localized to the involved joint).
- Swelling (Physical examination of the OA joint may reveal localized tenderness and bony or soft tissue swelling )
- Crepitus (the sensation of bone rubbing against bone, evoked by joint movement).
- Not being able to use your joint normally
Cure of OA is aimed at reducing pain, maintaining mobility, and minimizing disability. There’s no cure for osteoarthritis as yet, but there’s a lot that you can do to improve your symptoms and reduce the chances of your arthritis becoming worse.
Treatment and prevention : Weight loss and exercise are useful; drug therapy (creams, injections or oral drugs) if you already have OA; nutrition supplements (calcium, vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids); control blood sugar;